BC budget includes new real estate taxes and spending commitments
Housing was the dominant issue in today’s provincial budget.
The government released a 30-point housing strategy aimed at reducing housing demand, curbing tax fraud, building affordable housing, and increasing security for renters.
New tax measures include increasing property taxes and property transfer taxes on residential properties valued above $3 million, expanding the foreign buyer tax, and implementing a housing speculation tax.
“We welcome the provincial government’s commitment to address money laundering concerns and increase the supply of affordable, social, and rental housing in our province,” Jill Oudil, Board president said. “We’re concerned, however, about the series of tax measures announced today. The budget introduces new taxes, hints at future taxes, and hikes existing taxes on housing. Taxes don’t make homes more affordable.”
Below is a summary of the key real estate measures announced today. There’s considerable information to go through. We’re analyzing each item to understand the implications to you and your clients and will report back with more information and analysis in future communications.
- The province is investing $6 billion in affordable housing to create 114,000 homes over the next 10 years.
- The province will enhance local government capacity to build and retain affordable housing.
- The province will require developers to collect and report comprehensive information about the assignment of pre-sale condo purchases.
- The province intends to track beneficial ownership information.
- The province will collect additional information to increase transparency and strengthen enforcement in real estate.
- The province will implement a new speculation tax on residential properties, targeting foreign and domestic homeowners who don’t pay income tax in BC. This includes those who leave homes vacant.
- The tax will apply to the Metro Vancouver, Fraser Valley, Capital, and Nanaimo Regional districts and in the municipalities of Kelowna and West Kelowna.
- In 2018, the tax rate will be $5 per $1,000 of assessed value. In 2019, the tax rate will rise to $20 per $1,000 of assessed value.
- The province will administer the tax and will collect data to enforce it including, social insurance numbers, household information, and world-wide income information.
Foreign buyer tax
- Effective Feb. 21, 2018, the foreign buyer tax will increase to 20 per cent from 15 per cent and will be extended to the Fraser Valley, Capital, Nanaimo, and Central Okanagan Regional Districts.
- If the property is located in the Capital Regional District, Fraser Valley Regional District, Regional District of Central Okanagan, or Nanaimo Regional District, and the property transfer is registered on or after February 21, 2018, there are transitional rules available here.
Property Transfer Tax
Effective Feb. 21, 2018, the Property Transfer Tax on residential properties above $3 million will increase to five per cent from three per cent.
Provincial School Tax
Beginning in 2019, the provincial school tax will increase on most residential properties in excess of $3 million.
Database on pre-sale condo assignments
The province will require developers to collect and report comprehensive information about the assignment of pre-sale condo purchases. The information will be reported to a designated government office and shared with federal and provincial tax authorities to ensure taxes are paid.
Online accommodation PST and MRDT
Online accommodation platforms are enabled to collect and remit the Provincial Sales Tax and Municipal and Regional District Tax (Hotel Room Tax).
Property tax treatment for ALR land
As part of the Agricultural Land Reserve (ALR) review, the province is examining residential land in the ALR to ensure land is used for farming.
Clarity of property ownership
Compelling access to MLS®
The province plans to enable tax administrators to compel access to information relevant to property transfers, such as information held in a MLS® database. (We’re asking government for clarification.)
Beneficial land ownership registry
The province will require additional information about beneficial ownership on the PTT form.
Administered by the LTSA, the information will be publicly available and shared with federal and provincial tax and law enforcement authorities. Legislation will be introduced to require BC corporations to hold accurate and up to date information on beneficial owners in their own record offices available to law enforcement, tax and other authorities.
Task force on money laundering and tax evasion
The province will work with the federal government to formalize a multi-agency working group on tax evasion, money laundering and housing.
Residential Tenancy Branch
Increased funding to the Residential Tenancy Branch to reduce wait time, improve service and deal with disputes more quickly, as well as strengthening the Residential Tenancy Act and the penalties for those who repeatedly break the law.
Read the Homes for BC 30-point plan for housing affordability
Read the Budget press release
Read the Fiscal Plan (opens a 157-page pdf)